5/14(星期二)10:30-12:00,资管系演讲,演讲内容:探讨法国如何规范科技霸权(GAFAM)及对民众的影响。

  • 2019-05-08
  • 林 雨儒

日期:5/14(星期二)
时间:10:30-12:00
地点:逸仙楼201教室
 
Title of the event : Exchanges between Sebastien Soriano, Antonio Casilli and the students : Why GAFAM needs to be regulated and how do we do that?)
 - Presentation of Sébastien Soriano : How to regulate GAFAM ? What is the role of individuals in such a regulation ?
- Presentation of Antonio Casilli : How digital and social networks changed individuals the society ? What is the opportunity for individuals in GAFAM regulation ?
- Q&A
 
演说内容介绍:
科技五霸权GAFAM(Google, Apple, Facebook, Amazon, Microsoft),限制人类的自由选择权,并掌握公众网络空间。法国国家通讯传播委员会(NCC)主席Sebastien Soriano及巴黎理工学院数码人文教授Antonio Casilli探讨法国如何规范科技霸权(GAFAM)及对民众的影响。
Big Tech 公司常希望将使用者被绑在他们的生态系统中。借由使用这些服务,我们助长这些大公司变为霸权,甚至达到了让他们拥有权力的程度。在很多案例中,他们限制了使用者自由选择的权利、阻碍进争对手的发展并管辖了公众的网络空间。我们需要将权力从大公司手中拿回,并重新分配给使用者、新创公司和社会。Arcep提出五个针对此问题的提案:反托拉斯、系统监督、装置中立、数据为共同利益、以API驱动的监管。为了达到此目的,我们仍需要监管机制,一个能下放与分散权力的新监管机制,来排除这些不公平的限制与规则。
Big Tech companies try to lock us into their ecosystems. By using these services, We turned these Big Tech companies into the overlords of our civilization to such an extent that they now have the power, and in many cases, the incentive, to limit our freedom of choice, to block potential rivals and police the public online space. We have to take the power back from Big Tech and redistribute it among users, start-ups, civil society. To deal with this, five proposals that Arcep has done: antitrust rules, systemic supervision, device neutrality, data as common good, API-driven regulation. To achieve this, we still need regulation. A new breed of regulation, designed to redistribute power to the many.


讲者介绍:
(1) SÉBASTIEN SORIANO
CHAIRMAN, AUTORITÉ DE RÉGULATION DES COMMUNICATIONS ÉLECTRONIQUES ET DES POSTES (ARCEP), FRANCE(国家通讯传播委员会主席)
 
Sébastien Soriano was appointed the Chairman of Arcep (the French telecom regulator) in 2015. He was BEREC Chair 2017 (the European telecom body) and is still BEREC Vice-Chair 2018. Mr. Soriano has spent most of his career in digital policies, competition, and telecoms regulation areas. He started his career at the French Competition Authority, between 2001 and 2004, as a case handler and then as Deputy General Rapporteur, between 2009 and 2012. Between 2004 and 2009, he held various positions at Arcep. From 2012 through 2014, he was the Chief of Staff of Mrs. Fleur Pellerin, French Minister for SMEs, Innovation, and Communication. Prior to his appointment as Chairman of Arcep, he was Special Advisor to the French Minister for Culture and Communication. Mr. Soriano published several papers on the challenges of regulators and lawmakers in the digital era. He also teaches regulation and digital economy in the Master's programme in Public Policy at SciencesPo.
 
(2) ANTONIO A. CASILLI
ASSOCIATE PROFESSOR of Digital Humanities (HDR) at the Telecommunication College of the Paris Institute of Technology RESEARCHER at the Interdisciplinary Institute on Innovation (i3), an institute of the French CNRS(巴黎理工大学通讯学院数码人文教授)
 
Antonio A. Casilli is an associate professor of Digital Humanities
(HDR) at the Telecommunication College of the Paris Institute of Technology (Télécom ParisTech) and a researcher at the Interdisciplinary Institute on Innovation (i3), an institute of the French CNRS. His main research foci are computer-mediated communication, health, and politics. He also deals with advanced ethno-computational methods and agent-based simulations for social science. Since 2009, he has been coordinating several international research projects focussing on social networks and online communities and privacy. In addition to several scientific publications in French, English, and Italian, he is the author of "En attendant les robots"
(Waiting for Robots, Paris: Seuil, 2019), an inquiry into the working conditions of underpaid humans who make artificial intelligence possible.